We have just found out about an exciting new insulin for Type 2 diabetes, released by Novo Nordisk. Read on to find out more!
New insulin for Type 2 diabetes
The new insulin, Xultophy, has Victoza as one of its elements, so can help with weight loss while it helps manage Type 2 diabetes with Tresiba – an ultra-long acting insulin. As with all diabetes medications, it is a prescription drug, so you need to ask your doctor about it. We asked endocrinologist Dr Sundeep Ruder what he thinks about it:
“Xultophy is a good drug. It’s a combination of Tresiba and Victoza, so it has very good efficacy with less side effects. It also has a lower risk of hypo versus traditional approaches.Dr Sundeep Ruder, endocrinologist
Of course, patients need to be identified and selected appropriately, but it makes sense to treat Type 2 diabetes in a complimentary way, which this drug does.”
Here’s what Novo Nordisk has to say about their new insulin.
Treating Type 2 diabetes
The easiest way to test for diabetes is to use the HbA1c test. This tests the average blood sugar level of a person for the past two to three months. Anything below 5.7% is considered normal, 5.7% to 6.4% is considered prediabetic, and 6.5% or higher on two separate tests indicates diabetes. If an HbA1C test is not available, a random blood sugar test, fasting blood sugar test or an oral glucose tolerance test can be conducted to test for diabetes. Here’s an explanation of all the various ways to test for diabetes.
Once diabetes is confirmed, the focus is on managing the disease to prevent long-term complications. Here are the most common diabetes complications. One of the most important ways this is done is by maintaining and improving glycaemic (blood sugar) control over time.
Diabetes treatment options
The most common methods used to treat diabetes include starting a diet and increasing physical activity in an effort to lose weight and lower blood glucose levels. It is also recommended that smokers quit in order to help avoid complications. Blood sugar levels will also need to be monitored to ensure that blood sugar levels stay within the target range.
If diet, exercise, and weight loss are not enough to maintain the targeted blood sugar levels, medication is the next step. This includes oral medications and injectable medications that assist in either improving insulin production or insulin function. Some medications focus on lowering glucose production or decreasing glucose absorption. Here’s a simple way to manage diabetes: TEEL.
Insulin for Type 2 diabetes
Insulin therapy is another important form of treatment for diabetes, however it is often delayed due to concerns from patients or health care practioners. Some of the most common concerns around insulin therapy include fear of potential increased hypoglycaemia risk (risk of going low), weight gain, and treatment complexity. Delaying insulin treatment can lead to irreversible complications, so it is vital to escalate treatment to include insulin if necessary. Here’s all you need to know about starting insulin with Type 2 diabetes.
Novo Nordisk South Africa, a leading global healthcare company, is proud to be launching its new insulin therapy product in South Africa.
The new, injectable insulin therapy is a fixed ratio combination of a basal insulin and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) in a single formulation. GLP-1 agonist medicines are a type of incretin-based medicine for Type 2 diabetes. This type of medicine is based on the action of hormones called incretins which help control how the pancreas works. GLP-1 is a type of incretin that causes the pancreas to produce more insulin after eating, and helps keep blood sugar levels within a normal range.
According to specialist physician Dr Adri Kok, a unique characteristic of the basal insulin and GLP-1RA combination is that fixed-ratio co-formulations are available.
The new therapy offers greater convenience to patients in that it only needs to be taken once a day and can be taken independently of meals. The fixed combination offers a variety of benefits to people with Type 2 diabetes including a reduced rate of hypoglycaemic episodes (lows), fewer injections, a lower total daily insulin dose, and even weight loss.
Diabetes is a chronic disease that needs continuous monitoring to ensure that it does not cause any irreversible complications. The sooner treatment is started, the better. Speak to your doctor today about diabetes and the treatments available to you.
What to read next?
Type 2 diabetes and insulin: don’t be scared, here’s what you need to know: Think you might be ready for insulin? Read this to find out more.
10 Fast facts about hypoglycemia (low blood sugar): Not sure what hypos are? Here’s an explanation.
What is TEEL? A simple way to manage your diabetes: TEEL offers 4 rules for managing diabetes.