As Heart Health Awareness Month (September) draws to a close, here are a few reminders why people with diabetes need to be aware of heart health.
Heart health facts
According to the Heart & Stroke Foundation, in South Africa:
- Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cerebrovascular disease (a group of conditions that affect blood flow and the blood vessels in the brain) are the leading cause of death and disability, after HIV and AIDS.
- CVD are responsible for almost 1 in 6 deaths, claiming more lives than all cancers combined.
- Every day, 225 South Africans die from heart disease and stroke.
Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)
Most CVD can be prevented by addressing behavioural risk factors such as tobacco use,
unhealthy diet and obesity, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol. Screening for CVD, and other NCDs, are key for early detection, treatment and prevention of other health complications.
How inactivity impacts heart health
Eating well for heart health
- Eating more salt than you need can be unhealthy as it can increase your blood
- High blood pressure can cause heart disease and strokes.
- You should eat no more than 5g of salt per day. 5g is the same as one teaspoon of salt.
- This 5g includes the salt that you add to your food as well as salt already found in foods
How to reduce your salt intake.
- Reduce your salt intake gradually.
- If you add salt at the table, stop this habit first. Don’t put the salt shaker on the dinner
- Start using less salt when you are cooking.
- Taste your food during cooking before you add salt, as it may not need it.
- If you have already added salty spices or a stock cube, you don’t need salt too.
- If you used salt during cooking, you don’t need to add more at the table.
For more information, visit www.heartfoundation.co.za
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