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What is normal blood sugar?

It’s a good question: what is normal blood sugar, and what should people with diabetes be aiming for? Diabetes is such a balancing act – don’t go too high or there are long-term complications to worry about. Don’t go too low, or you could need emergency help. In between, there’s a magic range.

normal blood sugar

Normal blood sugar range

The goal for people with diabetes is 4mmol/l to 7mmol/l. Lower than 4mmol/l (and particularly lower than 3mmol/l) is low (hypoglycemia) which is immediately dangerous and can lead to an emergency situation where you lose consciousness.

Between 7mmol/l and 10mmol/l is also a good zone, although some doctors and diabetics like to keep tighter control and don’t go higher than 9mmol/l. Higher than 10mmol/l is too high.

How to keep your blood sugar in control

If you’re struggling to see the numbers you want, there are a few things you can do.

  1. Change your diet. Are you eating a healthy diabetes diet? Do you need to cut your carbs (starches) to control your blood sugar? Here’s a simple way to eat LCHF.
  2. Exercise. No matter what kind of exercise you choose to do, it’s important to get active for 20 to 30 minutes every single day. Take a look at all the fun ways to get fit here.
  3. Take your medication. Taking medication regularly is essential for good blood sugar control. If your medication makes you feel unwell, talk to your doctor.
  4. Join a community. It’s so important to have support of other people with diabetes in your daily journey. Diabetic South Africans is SA’s largest online diabetes community – join us!

Just do your best

We are all living different lives, and our blood sugar reacts differently to different things. Just do your best – that’s all you can do. We’re all in this together!

Published inAdvice

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